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Saluting Bravehearts: Know all about Indian Armed Forces

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: India’s armed forces are known as the Indian Armed Forces. It consists of the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, the main uniformed forces. The Central Armed Police Forces, Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guard, Special Frontier Force, as well as several inter-service commands and organizations including the Strategic Forces Command, the Andaman and Nicobar Command, and the Integrated Defence Staff, all support the Indian Armed Forces.

Indian Army

The main and land-based arm of the Indian Armed Forces is the Indian Army. The supreme commander of the Indian Army is the country’s president. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), a four-star general, is its overall leader. Two officers have been conferred with the rank of field marshal, a five-star rank, which is a ceremonial position of great honour. The East India Company’s and princely states’ forces, which were combined into the national army upon independence, were the forerunners of the Indian Army, which later evolved into the British Indian Army.

Indian Army

The East India Company’s and princely states’ forces, which were combined into the national army upon independence, were the forerunners of the Indian Army, which later evolved into the British Indian Army. The Indian Army’s troops and regiments have a rich history and have taken part in several battles and campaigns throughout the globe, receiving numerous combat and theatre honors both before and after Independence.

Lt Gen A A K Niazi, Commander of the Pakistani Eastern Command, signing the Instrument of Surrender under the gaze of Lt Gen J S Aurora.

The army has fought in four conflicts with the neighboring nation of Pakistan and one with China. Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot, and Operation Cactus are a some of the army’s other significant operations. The army has participated actively in numerous United Nations peacekeeping missions, including those in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique, South Sudan, and Somalia. It has also conducted significant peacetime exercises like Operation Brasstacks and Exercise Shoorveer.

Indian Navy

The Indian Armed Forces’ naval division is known as the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy’s Supreme Commander is the country’s president. The navy is led by a four-star admiral named the Chief of Naval Staff. As a blue-water navy, it frequently performs anti-piracy operations and collaborates with other warships in the area. It works extensively in the Persian Gulf region, the Horn of Africa, and the Strait of Malacca. Additionally, it deploys often for two to three months in the western Mediterranean Sea, the South and East China Seas, and the Sea of Japan.

Indian Navy

The navy’s main goal is to protect the country’s maritime frontiers. Together with other Union Armed Forces, it works to thwart or repel threats or aggression against Indian territory, its citizens, or its maritime interests, in both war and peace. Indian Navy fosters bilateral connections with nations through cooperative exercises, goodwill trips, and humanitarian missions, including disaster assistance.

Indian Air Force

The air wing of the Indian Armed Forces is known as the Indian Air Force (IAF). Its personnel and aircraft inventory rank third among all air forces worldwide.  Its main duties include conducting aerial combat during armed conflict and protecting Indian airspace. It was formally founded on 8 October 1932 as a British Empire auxiliary air force. It bore the prefix Royal in recognition of India’s World War II aviation participation.  The Royal Indian Air Force continued to operate under the Dominion of India moniker after India obtained independence from the UK in 1947. The prefix Royal was dropped when the country switched to a republican system of administration in 1950.

Indian Air Force

The IAF has fought four battles with neighboring Pakistan since 1950. Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot, Operation Cactus, and Operation Poomalai are some of the IAF’s significant operations. The IAF has also been involved in UN peacekeeping operations.

Indian Coast Guard

India’s territorial waters, comprising its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone, are under the jurisdiction of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG). It is a maritime law enforcement and search and rescue organization. The Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Indian Parliament officially constituted the Indian Coast Guard on 1 February 1977. It comes under the authority of Ministry of Defense.

Indian Coast Guard

The Indian Navy, the Department of Fisheries, the Department of Revenue (Customs), and the Central and State police forces all collaborate closely with the Coast Guard.

 

 

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