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UK’s Technical Recession And What It Means For India

Strengthening ties with India aligns with the UK's post-Brexit 'Global Britain' ambitions, aimed at expanding markets beyond Europe. With improved bilateral relations with India, the UK can position itself as a significant global actor.

Edited By : Aniket Raj | Updated: Feb 17, 2024 21:08 IST
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UK's technical recession
UK's technical recession

The United Kingdom economy slipped into a technical recession by the end of 2023, as reported by the Office for National Statistics. According to their data, the UK’s gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 0.3% in the final quarter of 2023, following a 0.1% decline in the third quarter. A recession, as defined by the National Bureau of Economic Research, is characterised by a significant decline in economic activity spread across various sectors, lasting more than a few months, and is visible in production, employment, real income, and other indicators. A technical recession specifically entails two consecutive quarters of GDP decline.

Defining Economic Recession

While the popular perception often revolves around two consecutive quarters of GDP decline, it’s crucial to consider a broader set of economic indicators. Recessions are marked by significant, widespread, and prolonged downturns in economic activity, impacting societies and markets profoundly. They can manifest in different forms, such as boom and bust recessions following periods of rapid economic growth, balance sheet recessions driven by excessive debt, depressions with severe GDP declines exceeding 10%, or supply-side shocks caused by global events like wars or pandemics.

Implications for the Indo-UK Partnership

The recent recession in the UK holds implications for its international partners, including India. The Indo-UK partnership is crucial for both nations. For the UK, India serves as a key strategic partner in the Indo-Pacific region, offering market opportunities and defence cooperation, as evidenced by the Defence and International Security Partnership signed in 2015. Strengthening ties with India aligns with the UK’s post-Brexit “Global Britain” ambitions, aimed at expanding markets beyond Europe. With improved bilateral relations with India, the UK can position itself as a significant global actor.

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For India, the UK’s presence in the Indo-Pacific, supported by naval facilities in strategic locations, holds geopolitical importance. Additionally, British investment in renewable energy infrastructure, confirmed at USD 70 million, offers opportunities for India’s sustainable development goals, particularly in the realm of solar power. India’s interests also lie in securing easier market access for its fisheries, pharmaceuticals, and agricultural products in the UK, alongside seeking duty concessions for labour-intensive exports.

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In conclusion, as the UK grapples with its economic challenges, its partnership with India becomes increasingly vital. Strengthening economic and strategic ties can benefit both nations, providing avenues for trade, investment, and geopolitical cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond.

First published on: Feb 17, 2024 09:08 PM IST

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