All you need to know about BREAST CANCER

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What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women.

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Types of Breast Cancer

Angiosarcoma, Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), Inflammatory breast cancer, Invasive lobular carcinoma, Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS), Male breast cancer, Paget's disease of the breast, Recurrent breast cancer.

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Bad News

If you find a lump or other change in your breast, even if a recent mammogram was normal, make an appointment with your doctor for prompt evaluation.

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Cause of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer most often begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells or tissue within the breast.

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Risk Factors

Being female, increasing age, history of breast conditions, radiation exposure, obesity, young age periods, never being pregnant, postmenopausal hormone therapy, drinking alcohol.

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Symptoms of Breast Cancer

In its early stages, breast cancer may not cause any symptoms. In many cases, a tumor may be too small to be felt, but an abnormality can still be seen on a mammogram.

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lump

A breast lump or tissue thickening that feels different than surrounding tissue and has developed recently.

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Pain

Breast pain or red, pitted skin over your entire breast.

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Swelling

Swelling in all or part of your breast or a nipple discharge other than breast milk.

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Shape change

Peeling, scaling, or flaking of skin on your nipple or breast or a sudden, unexplained change in the shape or size of your breast.

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Skin and Arms

Changes to the appearance of the skin on your breasts or a lump or swelling under your arm.

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Discharge

Bloody discharge from your nipples or an inverted nipple all of a sudden.

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Surgeries for Breat Cancer

Lumpectomy, Mastectomy, Sentinel node biopsy, Axillary lymph node dissection, Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.

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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment used to destroy cancer cells. Some people may undergo chemotherapy on its own, but this type of treatment is often used along with other treatments, especially surgery.

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Preventions

While there are risk factors you can’t control, following a healthy lifestyle, getting regular screenings, and taking any preventive measures your doctor recommends can help reduce your risk of developing breast cancer.

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