New Delhi: A country cannot prosper without scientific advancements. It is the science that takes a country to new heights. Take a look at the countries with top-notch scientific institutions. They are ruling the world nowadays because of their technological prowess which gives them an edge over other countries. Be it business, governance, military, healthcare or education and so on so forth, they are sitting at the top. India, despite being a developing nation, has established many scientific institutions thanks to its scientists. Here are some of the scientists whose contributions to science and technology have made this country what it is today.
Chandrasekhara V Raman
Along with being a brilliant scientist, CV Raman supported societal advancement. He was the first Asian to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. He is connected to the idea of Raman’s Effect, which states that light scatters when it travels through a transparent substance.
There were two spectral lines parallel to the incident monochromatic light, Raman noted, when researching the idea of fractured light. This demonstrated that even if the incident light was monochromatic, any broken light was not monochromatic in nature. The Raman Effect demonstrated that light is composed of tiny particles known as photons when scientists were unsure whether light took the form of waves or particles.
Jagadish Chandra Bose
The Crescograph, created by Dr. Jagadish Chandra Bose, is renowned for being able to monitor orbital movement and plant growth down to the millionth of a millimetre. By using the Crescograph, Dr. Bose demonstrated that plants have a circulatory system. The Crescograph has also demonstrated that live cells are responsible for the sap in plants rising to the surface.
Additionally, he created the wireless coherer, which Marconi eventually transformed into the radio.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Dr. C. V. Raman asked Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha to work as a Reader at the Indian Institute of Sciences in Bangalore. He soon attained the title of Physics Professor. He had the concept for creating a research centre for some of the newest branches of physics here. The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), currently renowned as India’s first nuclear research facility, was founded in 1948 at Trombay, where Bhabha served as its inaugural chairman. Under his direction, “Apsara,” India’s first nuclear reactor, was built.
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai
The primary driver behind the launch of India’s first satellite, “Aryabhatta,” was Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai. His research on cosmic rays has shown conclusively that they are a flux of energy particles with an origin in space. They are impacted by solar radiation, the earth’s atmosphere, and magnetism as they travel to the planet.
Numerous renowned worldwide institutes were founded by Dr. Sarabhai. The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), which are renowned for their management study programmes, stand out as the most famous among them. The Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) was constructed under his direction. Through satellite communication, he hoped to bring education to remote areas.
A P J Abdul Kalam
The eleventh President of India, Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam, was born on October 15, 1931. In 1997, he received the Bharat Ratna for his contributions to science and engineering. At the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, he created the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) 3, which launched the satellite Rohini into orbit.