Women, until the beginning of the century, were mostly at home. They followed the hunter-gatherer system which was both egalitarian and practical for those times. Egalitarian because there was an equal amount of effort from both, practical because gathering was perfect for female anatomies and structures. While the men’s tasks consisted of travelling long distances and long absences from home, most of the woman’s work was conducted around the home and consisted of monotonous tasks that required minimal concentration and could be interrupted (by kids) and resumed later. It was perfect until gender barriers began to blur and the perception of men and women’s representations in society began to interchange. When globalization was conceptualized, the idea sounded good. It was great news for women because social norms would change when the countries would open their borders and would garner more women leaders and woman drivers of progress. Although, traditionally, the hunter-gatherer system was great, but here are two reasons why its become crucial for women to work and become a more neutral contributer to their family incomes after globalization:
Firstly, a working women in today’s times becomes an active contributor to the economy. She has a say over what she wants to buy, where she wants to vacation, whether she wants to put her children in private schools or where she wants to invest. She has become the person that marketers want to woo. She pumps money into the economy when she is budgeting for her house and also when she is purchasing goods for her company. Thus, this requires a certain amount of awareness on her part. Thus, by interacting with a multitude of people and participating in diverse circumstances, she is enriching her understanding of self, people, the world and life. They open her mind, views, opinions and perspectives.
Secondly, it’s become more important for women to create their own identities outside their homes– whether they have their small ventures or are directors in some companies. It is because gender inequality becomes more costly in an integrated world because it diminishes the country’s ability to compete internationally, particularly if the country specializes in female-intensives goods and services. Thus, economic empowerment for women reinforces this process by promoting changes (quite possibly interchanges) in gender roles and allowing women to influence work conditions, become powerful in their homes and exercise agency more broadly.
Thus, globalization has brought increased access to economic opportunities. Trade openness and the infusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) have increased women’s importance and access to growth opportunities and further increased their wages relative to men’s. Growth in export and ICT-enable sectors, together with a decrease in the importance of physical but rather cognitive skills has increased the demand for female expertise. Thus the gatherers of the past have become thinkers and contributors in the progress of a country. We should be proud of the way we have progressed as women. We sure were like those fictile teabags that flourished into aromatic, vital components of people’s routines and claimed our identities.