Indian cities are facing massive traffic jam problem with each passing day and it worsens all the more during monsoon. Today, we are facing various challenges due to fast rate of urbanization, traffic congestion being one of them, having repercussions on the health of people, environment and economy as a whole. Let us analyse the leading factors that have been contributing to this menace over the years:
1) Too many vehicles but not enough roads: When the number of car in a particular country begins to rise, it leads to traffic congestion. These days we see that many families have at least 2 cars or more than two cars which has become a major factor that contributes to traffic woes on Indian streets. The adult population is increasing and therefore more people want their own personal transport to roam around. As the number of cars increases the chance of congestion also increases.
2) Poor infrastructure: When governments fail to take action on the surging threat of heavy congestion by improving the qualities of roads, it will lead to big traffic snarls on the roads. The city doesn’t expand along with a rising car reliant population. A single street with a lane on each side before might not be sufficient ten years down the line after the population has increased. Authorities often fail to convert this into a dual carriageway.
3) Lack of public transport: Poor public transport often leads to traffic congestion. If the city lacks enough public transport buses, local trains, taxis and autos then people are compelled to take their own cars to work which ultimately gives rise to traffic jams.
4) Failure to maintain steady speed: When people do not maintain a steady and constant speed on the road, it will lead to traffic congestion. According to Japanese researchers, this inability to maintain a steady speed on the road will cause traffic jams as people use brakes eratically.
5) Accidents: When accidents take place on the roads, it will block one or more than one traffic lanes which will create traffic snarls. At times, disabled vehicles also obstruct roads.
6) Other factors that contribute to this problems include:
A) When events take place, traffic jams occur as it draws huge crowds.
B) Rubbernecking of accidents, disabled vehicles, stopped motorists, or other sights out of the ordinary also contribute to traffic woes.
C) Construction on roads may result in lane closures or the need to drive more slowly than normal which may become another cause of traffic jams on the roads.