Top 10 heroes of Indian Independence


New Delhi, August 14: India will celebrate its 72nd Independence Day on August 15 tomorrow but this Independence never came in an easy way, many of our freedom fighters dreamt of an Independent India, freedom for them was greater than anything compared to life, including family, relations and emotions. These heroes contributed their lives for their Indian Independence. So let's pay tribute to 10 strongest freedom fighters of India.


 Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906, and was one of the most prominent Indian revolutionaries who took part in India's freedom struggle at a very young age of 24 and still continues to inspire Indian youth. Moved by the atrocity of the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy, Azad participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920.


Azad always had a fearless approach and dreamt of an independent India based on socialist principles.  


Azad played an important role in Kakori Train Robbery of 1925 and in the shooting of British police officer JP Saunders at Lahore in 1928 as a revenge for the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.


Due to his fearless character, Azad always refused to bow down to the British and fought for an Independent India.


Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh is one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement and also referred as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, the word "Shaheed" meaning "martyr"


He left home when his parents tried to get him married, saying that if he married in slave India, “my bride shall only be death” and joined Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.


He and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi shouting “Inquilab Zindabad!” and did not resist his arrest.


During interrogation, the British realized his involvement in the death of John Saunders

Bhagat Singh was only 23 years old when he was hanged and his death inspired hundreds of other Indians to take up the cause of the freedom movement.


Sukhdev Thapar

Sukhdev Thapar is one of the Indian freedom fighters who was hanged at the age of 23 years along with Bhagat Singh (23) and Shivaram Rajguru (23).


Sukhdev was the part of the trio who decided to avenge the British for the death of the nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai. 


The trio accepted the death penalty and cheerfully marched towards the gallows chanting their favourite slogans like "Inquilab Zindabad" and "Down with British Imperialism". 



Ram Prasad Bismil

Ram Prasad Bismil, born on 11 June 1897 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh was a brave revolutionary who gave up his life smilingly for the sake of the country.


Bismil executed the master plan for looting the government treasure brought in a train at Kakori, in U.P. 


After this loot, he was hunted by the police and betrayed by fellow workers and was finally persecuted by an enraged British government.


Rajendra Lahiri 

Rajendra Lahiri was born in 1892 in the village of Mohanpur in Pabna District, Bengal Presidency which is now in Bangladesh.


Lahiri was part of Dakshineswar bombing incident after which he absconded and went to Benaras to study M.A when the revolutionary activities started in Uttar Pradesh after which he joined the Hindustan Republican Association.

 

He took part in the Kakori train robbery on 9 August 1925 and was arrested and sent to jail for 10 years rigorous imprisonment. When the legal proceedings started in Lucknow for the train robbery


After a long trial, Lahiri was found guilty and was hanged in the Gonda district jail on 17 December 1927, two days before the scheduled date.


Ashfaqulla Khan 

Ashfaqulla Khan was dejected by the Mahatma Gandhi move to withdraw Non-Cooperation Movement. Inspired by Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan went on to establish the Hindustan Republican Association.  


They decided to loot the government treasury that was carried by train at Kakori on 9 August 1925, which stunned the British Government. After which he and his friend were arrested


Ashfaqulla was put to death on 19th December 1927 and he was the first Muslim to be hanged in a case of conspiracy. 


Mangal Pandey 

Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827, in a Brahmin family in UP. He joined the British East India Company as a soldier at the age of 18.


He played a key role in events right away prior the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857.


British introduced a new Enfield rifle into India and its cartridge was rumored to be greased with animal fat, primarily from pigs and cows. In order to load the rifle, the soldiers were required to bite off the ends of greased cartridges.


Since cow is a holy animal to the Hindus, and the pig is abhorrent to Muslims, Mangal Pandey, revolted against the British for the use of fats from these animals.


Furious Pandey, on March 29, 1857, planned a rebellion against the British rule and threatened to kill any British officer he comes across.


British officer Lieutenant Baugh realized of Pandey's intentions, and he rushed to catch him.


Both had a fight and in the end, Pandey killed him with a sword and after which Pandey shot himself with a gun pointed to his chest and pressed the trigger with his foot. He was rushed to the medical room.


After Pandey recovered, he was brought to trial. Pandey's execution was scheduled for April 18, but it was carried out 10 days in advance, on April 8, 1857.


Rani Lakshmibai 


Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India currently present in Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh, India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.


When the British annexed the territories of Jhansi, she revolted against them with the help of other Indian rebellion leaders. She stunned the British by showing extraordinary fighting spirit and valor in battles fought at Jhansi, then Kalpi and lastly at Gwalior. She has inspired many generations of freedom fighters in India and has become immortal in history.



Shivaram Hari Rajguru

Shivaram Hari Rajguru was an Indian revolutionary was mainly for his involvement in the assassination of a British police officer.
He joined Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, who dreamt India's freedom from British rule by any means necessary. 


Rajguru became a colleague of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. He was part of the trio in the assassination of a British police officer, J. P. Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who had died a fortnight after being hit by police.


Shivaram Hari Rajguru, Bhagat Singh and Chandra Shekhar Azad were convicted of Killing J. P. Saunders and were hanged on the same day by British. 


News24 Bureau