The Income Tax Department (I-TD) on Thursday said that cash deposits of ₹2.89 lakh crore post demonetisation are being examined by it.
In a statement detailing the impact of demonetisation of old ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes on black money, it said ’Operation Clean Money’ was launched on January 31 to analyse data of persons who deposited large sums of cash post note-ban, with no previous matching returns of income.
While ₹15,496 crore was admitted as undisclosed income, surveys resulted in seizure of Rs 13,920 crore.
The I-TD statement follows the government defending demonetisation after the RBI data showed yesterday that almost all the ₹15.44 lakh crore junked currency notes were returned to the banking system.
The government said the deposits had ended anonymity and helped fix liabilities for the money.
In the first phase of 'Operation Clean Money' exercise, data analytics was used to identify 18 lakh suspect cases where cash transactions did not appear to be in line with the tax profile of depositors, I-TD said.
Online verification was done in a record time of four weeks, it said.
Using data analytics, 13.33 lakh accounts of some 9.72 lakh persons with unusual cash deposits of around ₹2.89 lakh crore was identified and response sought.
The resource was captured “within a short span of 3-4 weeks,” the statement said, without saying how many of them were genuine deposits and how many were unaccounted money. It also did not give details of tax collected on unaccounted money.
The Operation Clean money has since moved into the next phase that “includes enforcement actions in high risk cases, taxpayer engagement through a dedicated website in medium risk cases and close monitoring in low risk cases.
“The exercise has also unearthed large number of persons and clusters having suspect transactions. These include about 14,000 properties of more than ₹1 crore each where persons have not even filed Income Tax Returns.
“The investigations are in progress,” the statement said.
The high, medium and low risk cases have been identified through the use of advanced data analytics, including integration of data sources, relationship clustering and fund tracking.
After note ban, there has been 158 per cent increase in number of searches (from 447 to 1,152 groups) and more than doubling of seizures to ₹1,469 crore from ₹712 crore.
There also has been 38 per cent increase in admission of undisclosed income (from ₹11,226 crore to ₹15,496 crore), it said.
Surveys jumped near three-fold to 12,520 and there was 44 per cent increase in undisclosed income detected (from Rs 9,654 crore to Rs 13,920 crore).
The department said the number of e-returns of individual taxpayers filed till due date of August 5, 2017 increased to 2.79 crore from 2.22 crore returns filed during the corresponding period of last year.
“This shows marked improvement in the level of voluntary compliance as a result of action taken by the Income Tax Department on the basis of data of cash deposits in the wake of demonetisation,” it said.
Tax base has expanded
The total number of all returns (electronic plus paper) filed during the entire financial year 2016-17 was 5.43 crore which is 17.3 per cent more than the returns filed during FY 2015-16.
For 2016-17, 1.26 crore new taxpayers (return filers plus non-filers making tax payments) were added to the tax base (till June 30, 2017).
“The effect of demonetisation is also clearly visible in the growth in direct tax collections.
Collection of Advance Tax under Personal Income Tax showed a growth of about 41.79 per cent over the corresponding period in 2016-2017.
“Collection of Self Assessment Tax under Personal Income Tax showed a growth of 34.25 per cent,” it added.
The IT-D also said about 14,000 properties worth over ₹1 crore each are under its scrutiny as their owners have not filed income returns.