New Delhi (Anish Yande): On Tuesday, India celebrated its 72nd Republic Day. Republic Day is an occasion to celebrate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. The adoption of the Indian Constitution on January 26, 1950, led to the formation of the democratic republic of India. Check important facts of the Constitution of India here.
Facts of the Indian Constitution:
The Constitution of India strives to ensure equality of opportunity for each and every Indian citizen. The foundation of the Constitution of India is respect for the diversity of India and unity in diversity in India.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of the Indian constitution, has stated that the Constitution provides 'justice, equality and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity' for Indian citizens.
The Constitution of India was written by the Constituent Assembly and the Drafting Committee. The Constitution was drafted by the committee for a duration of two years, from 1948 to 1950.
The Indian Consitution is known as the world's lengthiest constitution. The committee had engaged with local governments, organizations, and Indian freedom fighters while formalizing the Constitution.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar headed the core Drafting Committee consisting of seven experts, established in 1946. Sir B N Rau was the Constitutional Advisor of the committee.
The three central principles of the Preamble to the Constitution are liberty, equality, and fraternity. Dr. B R Ambedkar said, 'Without equality, liberty would produce the supremacy of the few over the many. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative. Without fraternity, liberty and equality could not become a natural course of things.'
The Preamble of Constitution of India:
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic, and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION
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