Ahmedabad, Jan 13: Gujarat has become the first state in the country to give 10 per cent reservation in government jobs and educational institutes to economically weaker sections in the general category from Jan 14.
“There will be 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections in general category in all higher education admissions and government jobs from January 14,” chief minister Vijay Rupani said in a statement.
New quota will also be applicable to jobs for which announcements have been made but procedure are yet to commence.
CM added that 10 per cent quota will be in addition to the 7 per cent quota for the SC, 15 per cent for ST and 27 per cent for the OBC in the state.
President Ram Nath Kovind on Saturday approved a constitutional amendment that provides 10 per cent reservation to economically weaker general category people in education and government jobs.
The Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by Parliament on the last day of the winter session this week with daylong discussions and voting in both Houses.
The Act amends Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution to provide quota to the general category people with a family income of up to Rs 8 lakh per anum.
"Nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any economically weaker sections of citizens other than the classes mentioned in clause (4), in addition to the existing reservation and subject to a maximum of ten per cent of the posts in each category," the Amendment of Article 16 read.
"For the purposes of this Article and Article 16, 'economically weaker sections' shall be such as may be notified by the State from time to time on the basis of family income and other indicators of economic disadvantage," the notification by the Union Ministry of Law and Justice said.
The 10 per cent quota is in addition to the 22.5 per cent reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and 27 per cent reservation for castes identified as the Other Backward Classes (OBC). The fresh provision does not tinker with the existing 49.5 per cent of this quota.
With the new 10 per cent quota becoming a law with the President's assent, the total reservation in jobs and education now stands at 59.5 per cent.
The Opposition, while voting in favour of the Bill in Parliament, questioned the legality of the legislation as the Supreme Court has already fixed the upper cap of reservation at 50 per cent.
News24 Bureau/ IANS