Have you ever wondered why India got freedom at midnight and not at a convenient hour? Why it was between August 14 and August 15. Here is the reason why this particular hour was chosen
New Delhi, August 14, News24 Bureau: Have you ever wondered why India got freedom at midnight and not at a convenient hour? Why it was between August 14 and August 15. Astrologically it was seen that August 15 was not proving to be very auspicious for India. So it was decided that a solution had to be found mid way because Lord Mountbatten had taken the Royal assent for August 15.
A midway solution was thus derived. Transfer of power was to be done at midnight, between August 14 and August 15. This was because according to English calendar the day starts after midnight and according to Hindu Panchang the day starts at sunrise. So, at midnight the power was transformed and after that speech of acknowledgment of transfer of power was given.
In July 1947, the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act, 1947 and it got the Royal assent. Lord Mountbatten, the Viceroy at that time, then decided on the date of 15th August. There was a reason behind deciding this date. Mountbatten thought this date as lucky for himself. It was on this same day in 1945(15th August), that the Japanese forces surrendered before him in the World War II.
By the end of World War II, the British Empire was all bruised and broken. It was financially broke and too weak to rule even their own country. The Labour party had promised to grant Independence to the colonies. It was only logical then that when the Labour party won election in 1945, talks began about the Independence. Lord Wavell took the initiative and started talks with Indian leaders but could not continue as he was removed because he could not stop communal riots due to partition.
Next Lord Mountbatten came to replace him and was asked by the British parliament to transfer the power by June 30, 1948. But even for Mountbatten it was becoming difficult to handle the riots and he wanted to transfer power as early as possible. Therefore in July 1947, the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act.
Lord Mountbatten wanted to add some limelight to his achievement and therefore decided the date to be 15th August. This was the date when Japanese Emperor Hirohito surrendered before him. So the date was decided but was inauspicious by the astrological calculation. So it was decided that it will be midnight between 14th and 15th August.