AkasnhLAST UPDATED: March 15, 2020, 2:40 p.m.
New Delhi, March 15: Aurangzeb, the emperor of the Mughal Sultanate, many faces of his personality testify to our history. Sometimes a link in the relationship connects with the father, sometimes with 3 brothers. It disturbs the personality of Aurangzeb, this relationship stands in the center of long chains of war. The question of which script is drawn from these series of war, is Aurangzeb hero or villain?
The power struggle begins in Volume 2 of the book, with the deteriorating health of Emperor Shah Jahan. This turn in 1657 again brought the Mughal Sultanate on the same path when the next emperor was to be selected on the path of war.
The news of Badshah's disease has caused a stir in the country. The public wants to get a glimpse of its king. And the son wants power which is to be vacated after the king. When Dara Shikoh wants to take advantage of the proximity of the emperor, Shuja, Murad Baksh also wants nothing less than power.
Dara Shikoh's first defeat
29 May 1658, the date when Dara Shikoh got his first defeat in the war against Aurangzeb. Actually, three of his four sons had been sent from Shah Jahan on different fronts. It was only Dara Shikoh who was always kept by the emperor. And the reason became his weakness.
Aurangzeb was on a difficult front like Deccan. Shah Jahan's decision turned Aurangzeb into a strong warrior, while Dara Shikoh was less interested in war.
In this battle in Samugarh near Agra, Khalilullah Khan's deception changed the game. Dara's get off from elephant and landing without slippers, also created a dilemma in the army and the strong-looking Dara Shikoh's army reached the door of defeat. Dara ran to Agra. Shah Jahan's favorite son was defeated but the emperor kept dreaming of Aurangzeb's defeat till the end.
Dara continued to be deceived
From the battlefield to the time of escaping himself, Dara Shikoh faced betrayal at every step. He was arrested at a similar point. Dara was on his way to Iran via Kandahar. After morning prayers Dara started this journey with Malik Jeevan. After some cursing, he told Dara that he would come back in two-three days after making some more arrangements for the journey. Having said this, he went out and left his brother and some bandits behind him, who arrested Dara Shikoh and took him in captive. Later Aurangzeb gave Malik Jeevan mansab of one thousand sawar and two hundred horsemen.
Did Aurangzeb get his brother Dara Shikoh beheaded?
One of the big allegations that Aurangzeb faced is that he did brutality with his brother Dara Shikoh at the last minute. In fact, what happened to Dara in the end has been described by different historians in its own way.
Historian Khafi Khan wrote Muntakhab ul Lubab. Khafi's father was in the service of Murad Bakhsh and Khafi Khan was in the service of Aurangzeb. The author has not clarified the date of the Dara Delhi visit after his arresting in Muntakhab ul Lubab. The author has not written anything about beheading Dara.
Mutsaid Khan has not written anything on this in Masir-e-Alamgiri. He was a Darbari historian. Francois Bernier in Travels in the Mughal Empire and Niccolo Manucci in the story The Mogor admit that Dara Shikoh was beheaded. At the same time, the Jadunath government has admitted to beheading the Dara, but has raised doubts about the misconduct by Aurangzeb.
Volume 2 of Aurangzeb Nayak or Khalnayak perfectly shows the truth of the Mughal Sultanate which has been given the name of war. The way of the struggle for power and then the way to reach the top went through this path. This is what the former emperors did and Aurangzeb repeated the same. However, there was a different link here that Shah Jahan's choice was only Dara Shikoh and he left no stone unturned to beat the other sons.
The book contains Shah Jahan's letters, Aurangzeb's strategies, Dara Shikoh's mistakes and the sobs of the Mughal prince who was imprisoned in the fort of Gwalior. The book is more wonderful in a sense, that it has told the best way of word references and it increases your knowledge.
For example, Mukhalispur information has been given, which related with Shah Jahan. Many words like Firdaus Makani, Bijapur, Khutba have been described in detail after every chapter. The book today seems to be an accurate document of Mughal history.