New Delhi, March 22: Shaheed Bhagat Singh was one of the highly influential revolutionaries of the Indian Nationalist Movement. Bhagat Singh is a big name in the Indian freedom struggle. Even today, Bhagat Singh continues to be a youth icon and inspire millions of people around the world.
Bhagat Singh, frequently referred as the ‘youth icon’ or the ‘revolutionary of the youth’. He was one of the youngest fighters in the Indian freedom struggle. His patriotism was not restricted to the strong violent outburst against the British; he rather had a mind and intellect of a genius who could foresee division of India on communal lines which many of the much-esteemed leaders of the time were unable to see. Keeping the cause of country ahead of religion demonstrates his far sighted thoughts. Bhagat Singh's educational qualifications prove the fact that his opinions and ideas were well thought and not just a product of hysterical mass movements.
Intial Life of Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was one of the most famous revolutionaries of India. He was born on 28 September 1907 in a Sikh family in the village of Banga in Layalpur district of present-day Pakistan. The third son of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati, Bhagat Singh’s father and uncle were members of Ghadar party.
Influences on Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was immensely influenced towards socialism. Bhagat Singh was one of the leaders and founders of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). He was highly saddened by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919. He studied at the National College in Lahore where he came into contact with other revolutionaries such as Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev and others. He fled from home to escape early marriage and became a member of the organisation Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
Important events of Bhagat Singh's life
Bhagat Singh was against individual acts of terrorism and gave a clarion call for mass mobilisation. In 1928, he came in contact with another famous revolutionary Chandrasekhar Azad. The two combined to form the ‘Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha’. During the Simon Commission’s visit to India in February 1928, there were protests against the Simon Commission’s visit to Lahore. In one of these protests, Lala Lajpat Rai was injured in a lathi charge and later on succumbed to his injuries. To avenge Lajpat Rai’s death, Bhagat Singh reportedly decided to kill the British official responsible for the killing, Deputy Inspector General Scott. But he accidentally shot Assistant Superintendent Saunders instead, mistaking him for Scott.
Bhagat Singh reportedly threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929 and thereafter courted arrest. Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru were awarded death sentence by a court for their subversive activities. They were hanged on 23 March 1931. Bhagat Singh is still seen as the role model by a large number of young people in India. His sense of sacrifice, patriotism and courage are something that will be revered and looked upon by generations to come.